Saturday, December 29, 2012

Indonesia: Rice Fields

Indonesia is the third-largest producer of rice in the world.  Rice production in Indonesia is an important part of the national economy since it was the staple food in the Indonesian diet, accounting for more than half of the calories in the average diet, and the source of livelihood for Indonesian people.

Rice cultivation covered a total of around 10 million hectares throughout the archipelago, primarily on sawah. The supply and control of water is crucial to the productivity of rice land, especially when planted with high-yield seed varieties. Rice fields are agricultural lands that are physically flat surface areas, bounded by dikes, and can grow rice or other crops.

Most of the fields used for rice cultivation. For this purpose, the field should be able to hold the water because of flooding in rice requires a certain period in its growth.

Irrigation system was used to irrigate the rice fields by the spring, river or rain water. The latter is known as the rice fields of rainfed rice, while the other is irrigated. Rice grown in paddy fields known as wetlands (Lowland rice)

On land that has a high slope, terraced rice fields, or better known printed terracing (terasiring) or swales (sengkeden) to prevent erosion and hold water. There are many terraced rice fields on the slopes of a hill or mountain in Java and Bali.


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